Simply Dentistry of the North Shore | Dentist in Great Neck, New York

Bone Grafts

Bone Grafts | Simply Dentistry of the North Shore, NY

Bone Grafts

Oral bone loss can occur due to various reasons, including periodontal disease, tooth loss, or trauma. It involves the resorption or breakdown of the bone that supports the teeth, leading to the loosening of teeth and potential complications such as facial appearance alteration if left untreated.

When a tooth is removed, the bone that once surrounded and supported the tooth is no longer stimulated by the forces of chewing and biting. As a result, the body begins to resorb or break down the now unnecessary bone tissue. The amount of bone loss that can occur during the first year after extraction can vary depending on several factors, including the location of the extracted tooth, the individual's oral health, and the presence of any complications. On average, bone loss of about 25% of the width and height of the socket can occur within the first year.

Bone Grafting, where bone material is added to the affected area to stimulate new bone growth, can help restore lost bone volume and provide a stable foundation for dental implants or other restorative treatments, providing a suitable foundation for restorative dental work and improving both function and aesthetics for the patient. This is bone taken from another site in the patient's own body or synthetic bone graft materials that mimic the mineral composition of natural bone and are gradually replaced by the patient's own bone over time.

There are several types of bone grafting procedures that our oral and maxillofacial surgeon can perform, depending on the specific needs of each case. Here's a general overview:

Socket Preservation: After a tooth extraction, the empty socket can be filled with bone graft material to prevent the surrounding bone from shrinking. This helps maintain the shape of the jawbone for future dental implants or other restorations.

Sinus Lift: If the bone in the upper jaw is too thin to support a dental implant, a sinus lift procedure can be done. This involves lifting the sinus membrane and placing bone graft material in the area between the jaw and the sinus to increase the height of the bone.

Ridge Augmentation: If the jawbone has shrunk or is not wide enough to support dental implants, ridge augmentation can be performed. This involves adding bone graft material to the ridge of the jawbone to increase its size and shape.

Bone Block Grafting: In cases where a significant amount of bone is needed, a block of bone graft material can be taken from another part of the body and placed in the jawbone to increase its volume.

Guided Bone Regeneration (GBR): This technique uses a barrier membrane to protect the bone graft material and encourage the growth of new bone in areas where it is needed.

These procedures are performed under local or general anesthesia, depending on the complexity of the case, and are tailored to meet your specific needs. The goal of bone grafting is to provide a stable foundation for dental restorations and improve overall oral health and function.

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